History of food: Know the tale behind your favourite Dal Baati Churma!

Aug 04, 2020 13:08 IST
New Update
History of food: Know the tale behind your favourite Dal Baati Churma!

Every state has a popular food which is not only well known but also a favourite dish of the locals. Be it Kolkata’s fish curry or Punjab’s Chole Bhature. Similarly, Rajasthan also has an iconic dish - Dal Baati Churma. The quintessential dish has been around for ages, and it has only evolved over time. Here is a little story behind the origin of Dal Baati Churma.


Originally, the three elements of this dish didn't go together. And the first part of this culinary puzzle, the baati dates back to the time of Bappa Rawal, the founder of the Mewar kingdom. It was a preferred wartime meal back then. As per the stories, the Rajput soldiers would put small dough balls under a thin layer of sand and leave them under the sun to bake. After returning from the battlefield, perfectly cooked baati would be ready which was brushed with ghee and commonly eaten with curd.


The second element of this dish, the Dal was introduced when the traders from the Gupta Empire settled in Mewar. The Guptas brought the panchmel dal, which is a mixture of five types of dal - moong dal, chana dal, toor dal, masoor dal, and urad dal, and the combination was an instant hit. 

Churma, the third element of the dish is a sweet crumb and was introduced by Mewar’s Guhilot clan. As per the story, a cook accidentally poured sugarcane juice on some baatis, which made them even softer. The women adopted this technique and started dunking the baatis in water to keep them soft for their husbands. This later evolved to a cardamon flavour mixture of crushed baatis.

The dish became popular in local dynasties in Rajasthan, improvising with adding a twist to the existing dish. When Rani Jodha Bai married the king Akbar, Dal Baati Churma finally reached the Mughal court.

The chefs in the Mughal reign, recreated their own versions of this Rajsthani dish and adapting to baafla and kheech. Baafla is a softer version of the baati, it is boiled before being baked, and Kheech one the other hand, is made out of bajra or wheat and is similar to daliya.

This story behind the origin of Dal Baati Churma is quite an interesting one, and if you want to try out this recipe, we have got you covered.

Recipe for Dal Baati Churma

For Dal


Ingredients Qty
Moong dal 1/2 cup
Masoor dal 1/4 cup
Chana dal or Bengal gram dal (soaked 30 minutes) 1/4 cup
Water 3 cup
Ghee or clarified butter 3 tsp
1 tsp mustard 1 tsp
1 tsp cumin 1 tsp
Pinch hing 1 pinch
Onion (finely chopped) 1 nos
Ginger garlic paste 1 tsp
Tomato (finely chopped) 1 nos
Turmeric 1/2 tsp
Kashmiri red chilli powder 1/2 tsp
Green chilli (slit) 1 nos
Garam masala 1/4 tsp
Salt 1 tsp
Coriander  (finely chopped) 2 tsp


  • Wash all the dals, and add them to a pressure cooker.
  • Now add salt, water, turmeric powder and mix well. Cook till 4-5 whistles.
  • Let the steam to escape before opening the lid.
  • Heat the oil/ghee in a pan. Add the Kashmiri red chilli, cumin seeds, and hing. Sauté for a few seconds.
  • Add onion and chillies and saute for 3-4 minutes.
  • Add the tomatoes and ginger garlic paste, saute for 2-3 minutes.
  • Now add coriander powder, turmeric powder, chilli, and garam masala along with 3 tbsp of water and mix well.
  • Cook for 3-4 minutes on a medium flame. Stir occasionally.
  • Add this tempering to the cooked dal and mix well.
  • Cook for 2 to 3 minutes on a medium flame.
  • Remove the dal from heat, add lemon juice and mix well.
  • Ready to serve.

For Baati


Ingredients Qty
Whole Wheat Flour 1 1/4 cup
Semolina 1/2 cup
Yoghurt 1/2 cup
Baking Powder 1/2 tsp
Oil/ Ghee 4 tbsp
Salt to taste
Ghee for dipping


  • Preheat oven to 175°C/ 350.
  • Add wheat flour, semolina, ghee, salt and baking powder to a large mixing bowl, mix well and add yoghurt to it.
  • Knead into a semi-stiff dough.
  • Use warm water, if needed.
  • Divide the dough into 10-12 balls
  • Arrange baatis in a baking tray and bake for 30-40 mins or until the top turn golden brown.
  • Use a kitchen towel and press to crack them slightly.
  • Soak cracked baati in ghee for a few seconds, and drain on an absorbent paper.
  • Baatis are ready.

For Churma


Ingredients Qty
Ghee or clarified butter 2 tbsp
Powdered Sugar 3 tbsp
Cashew (chopped) 2 tbsp
Almond (chopped) 2 tbsp
Cardamom powder 1/4 tsp


  • Take 3 prepared baati and break into the mixer jar and grind it till a coarse powder is formed
  • Heat a pan. Add ghee and roast powdered baati.
  • Roast on low flame till it turns golden and aromatic
  • Once the mixture is cool add powdered sugar, chopped almonds-cashew and cardamom powder and mix well
  • Churma is ready.

Order Dal Baati Churma in Jaipur

Thali and More

story of Dal Baati Churma

One of the best places for authentic North Indian food, you cannot miss the Dal Bati Churma Thali here. The thali includes Dal, Kadhi, 2 Masala Bati, 2 Sada Bati, Mirchi Tapore, Leshun Chutney, Sada Churma, Besan Churma, and Papad. A perfect meal for a foodie.

Price: Rs 370

Where: C-46 B, Sarojini Marg, Above Punjab National Bank, C Scheme

Order here

Dal Bati Churma Restaurant

story of Dal Baati Churma

If you want to try different varieties of Dal Bati Churma, then this is the place. They have four types of Dal Bati thali including Shahi Thali, Special Dal Bati, Mini Dal Bati and Special Raj Thali.

Price: Rs 150 onwards

Where: AC 4, Gayatri Sadan, Sawai Jai Singh Highway, Bani Park

Order here

The Eclectica

story of Dal Baati Churma

One of the hip dining spots with a diverse menu, they also serve the quintessential dish. They serve it with two baatis, dal, baafla, and atta choorma, complemented with mint sauce, lehsun chutney, and salad.

Price: Rs 160

Where: New Sanganer Road, Opposite Metro Pillar-100, Sodala

Order here

Also Read: A letter of love to Nahargarh Fort Jaipur, where the city meets my soul!

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