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Discover the Elegance: Traditional Jewellery of Rajasthan

Discover the exquisite traditional jewellery of Rajasthan, from famous Kundan to vibrant Meenakari. Also, visit these best bazaar and stores to shop these timeless pieces that embody elegance and heritage.

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Sanjana Sukhwani
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rajasthani jewellery

Image Courtesy: Pinterest

The traditional jewellery of Rajasthan is not mere artistic brilliance but an epitome of the cultural essence of the region. Each piece, from the opulent Kundan and Polki to the vibrant Meenakari and Lac, speaks a story of craftsmanship and tradition. Whether you are a bride-to-be or obsessed with accessories, Rajasthan’s bazaars and famous stores won’t disappoint you with traditional jewellery, that are timeless pieces and an absolute world of elegance. Know about Rajasthani jewellery, each piece making you more bewitching, with a touch of royalty.

Types of Jewellery Pieces Worn by a Rajasthani Woman

rajasthani jewellery
Left: Rakhdi; Right: Mathapatti

   Image Courtesy: Banadi and Silvermerc

Mathapatti: The mathapatti is a stunning headpiece that spans across the crown portion and extends to forehead, often adorned with intricate designs and gemstones. It symbolises grace and beauty, commonly worn by brides.

Rakhdi/Borla: Rakhdi, is a circular ornament worn in the centre of the forehead. It signifies the married status of a woman.

rajasthani jewellery
Surliya

   Image Courtesy: Glossypolish

Surliya (Earring): Also called Jhumki, are bell-shaped earrings that dangle gracefully from the ears. They are considered a symbol of femininity and are worn during festivals and special occasions.

rajasthani jewellery
Nath

   Image Courtesy: Silvermerc

Nath (Nose Ring): a large nose ring, is a prominent feature of Rajasthani bridal jewellery. It signifies marital status and is believed to enhance a woman's beauty.

rajasthani jewellery
Haar(long necklace) & Kanthi(choker)

   Image Courtesy: Weddingwire

Haar and Kanthi (Necklace): Haar or necklaces come in various styles, such as Aad (choker) and Rani Haar (long necklace). They represent wealth and prosperity and are essential components of bridal attire.

rajasthani jewellery
Upper arm: Bajubandh; Wrists: Chooda

   Image Courtesy: Silvermerc

Bajubandh (Armlet): Bajubandh, worn on the upper arm, signifies strength and protection. It is often adorned with detailed designs and precious stones.

Bangdi/ Chooda (Bangles): Bangles or chooda are worn in clusters on both wrists. They symbolise happiness and are believed to bring good fortune.

rajasthani jewellery
Kardhani

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Kardhani (Waist Belt): Kardhani is a waist belt that accentuates the waistline. It is worn by brides and during special ceremonies, symbolising grace and elegance.

rajasthani jewellery
Ankles: Payal; Toes: Bichhiya

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Payal (Anklet): Payal, or anklets, are worn around the ankles and often feature ghungroo (tiny bells). They signify joy and celebration, adding a melodious charm to every step taken by the wearer.

Bichhiya (Toe Ring): Bichhiya is worn on the toes by married women, symbolising marital status and fertility.

Types of Traditional Rajasthani Jewellery

Rajasthan known for its royal charm, is also a hub for beautiful jewellery showcasing authentic craftsmanship. Here are some of the most famous jewellery types:

1. Kundan 

rajasthani jewellery
Image Courtesy: weddingwire

Kundan jewellery, known for its elaborate setting of gemstones in gold, is a hallmark of elegance and grandeur. This art form, believed to have originated during the Mughal era, involves the meticulous placement of uncut stones set in a bed of gold foil. The result is a piece of jewellery that exudes luxury and intricate beauty. Historically, Kundan jewellery was patronised by royalty and the nobility, making it a symbol of beauty and power. Culturally, Kundan holds immense significance in Rajasthani weddings, where it is an integral part of the bridal attire, symbolising prosperity and elegance. 

Kundan jewellery is now available everywhere but it's authentic craftmanship is from Jaipur, where it is showcased as the pink city's pride. The famous stores are:

Gem Palace: Famous for its exquisite Kundan pieces, Gem Palace is a landmark in Jaipur's jewellery market.

Amrapali Jewels: Offering a blend of traditional and contemporary designs, Amrapali is a go-to for high-quality Kundan jewellery.

2. Polki 

rajasthani jewellery
Image Courtesy: Alia Bhatt

Polki jewellery, like Kundan, features uncut diamonds, but its charm lies in its raw, rustic appeal. This ancient art form predates even the Mughal era and is considered one of the oldest forms of jewellery making. The use of unrefined diamonds set in gold without the use of foil gives Polki its distinctive look. Historically, Polki was the preferred choice of the royal and continues to be synonymous with luxury and heritage. Culturally, Polki jewellery is deeply embedded in Rajasthani traditions, often worn during weddings and special ceremonies to symbolise wealth and lineage.

Polki jewellery is now one of the top choices of a bride for her special day, even for celebrities. But Bikaner takes the credit for being popular for polki jewellery. The well-known stores in Bikaner are:

B.C. Jain & Sons: Known for its intricate Polki designs, B.C. Jain & Sons offers a wide range of exquisite pieces.

Motisons Jewellers: This store provides a stunning collection for weddings and special occasions.

3. Lac 

rajasthani jewellery
Image Courtesy: MBSKari

Lac jewellery, made from natural resin, is celebrated for its vibrant colours and detailed designs. This craft involves moulding lac into various forms, often embellished with mirror work, beads, and stones. The history of lac jewellery in Rajasthan dates back to ancient times when it was commonly worn by rural women as everyday adornment. Its affordability and aesthetic appeal made it popular among various strata of society. Culturally, lac jewellery holds a significant place in Rajasthani festivities and daily wear, symbolizing joy and celebration with its bright and cheerful appearance.

Lac bangles are an integral part of Jaipur's culture, and in the bazaars of this city, you will find the artisans who have inherited the art of making the perfect lac chooda. Here are two places in Jaipur for lac jewellery:

Maniharon Ka Rasta: Famous for its lac bangles, this market is a haven for those seeking colourful and traditional lac jewellery.

Lac Bangles Bazaar: Another popular spot, offering a wide array of lac jewellery that is both affordable and beautiful.

4. Thewa Jewellery

rajasthani jewellery
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Thewa jewellery is a unique Rajasthani art form that involves intricate gold designs fused onto glass. Originating in Pratapgarh, this craft dates back to the 16th century and is renowned for its detailed and delicate patterns, often depicting mythological stories and floral motifs. Thewa pieces, including pendants, earrings, and bracelets, are prized for their artistic beauty and craftsmanship. Culturally, Thewa jewellery represents the rich artistic heritage of Rajasthan and is often worn during significant cultural and religious festivals, symbolizing artistic excellence and tradition.

The art of making thewa jewellery originates from Pratapgarh, a city in Rajasthan. The true essence of thewa jewellery is in its design part, and Pratapgarh is a hub for artisans who are right for the part. The renowned stores here are:

Bani Thani Thewa jewellery: Offering authentic pieces crafted by local artisans, Thewa Store is a must-visit.

Rajasthan Emporium: Known for its extensive collection of jewellery, ensuring high-quality craftsmanship.

5. Meenakari 

rajasthani jewellery
Image Courtesy: The Wedding Papparazi, The Wedding Galore

Meenakari jewellery features vibrant enamel work that adds colour and life to gold pieces. This technique, introduced and perfected by Rajasthani artisans, involves the application of coloured enamels to create intricate patterns. Meenakari is used to craft earrings, necklaces, and bangles, each piece a testament to the vibrant artistry of Rajasthan. Historically, Meenakari was reserved for the elite, with its vivid designs adorning royal attire. Culturally, this jewellery is significant during festivals and weddings, representing the colourful and joyous spirit of Rajasthani traditions.

Meenakari jewellery's colorful brilliance is rooted in Udaipur, where it still holds a major significance with traditional wear, known as poshak. The right store for unique designs in meenakari jewellery are:

Silver Art Palace: Specializing in Meenakari work, this shop offers a wide variety of colourful and intricate jewellery.

Gem Arts Emporium: Renowned for its detailed jewellery designs, this store is a top choice for exquisite pieces.

6. Gokhru 

rajasthani jewellery
Image Courtesy: Tanishq

Gokhru jewellery, characterised by its thick and ornate bangles, is a distinctive form of Rajasthani adornment. These bangles are traditionally crafted from gold and often embellished with intricate designs and gemstones. The history of Gokhru dates back to the royal courts of Rajasthan, where they were worn by nobility as symbols of power and status. Culturally, Gokhru bangles are significant as they represent strength and protection. They are often passed down as heirlooms, carrying the legacy and heritage of Rajasthani families.

Jodhpur takes pride in the origins and popularity of gokhru jewellery and here are the best locations to find that: 

Sarafa Bazaar: Known for its collection of traditional Gokhru bangles, Sarafa Bazaar is the ideal place to find these unique pieces.

Swarn Prabha: This store offers beautifully crafted Gokhru jewellery, reflecting the rich heritage of Jodhpur.

Traditional attire Best shopping places at Rajasthan