Kumbhalgarh Kila: The Great Wall of India and the birthplace of a mighty warrior

Hitanshu Bhatt
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Kumbhalgarh Kila

The fort that was invaded only once and is the birthplace of the legendary king Maharana Pratap has many interesting facts about it. It is also known as the great wall of India and is one of the UNESCO world heritage sites.

Kumbhalgarh Kila, or Kumbhalgarh Fort, is a true masterpiece that dates back to 1500 AD, and it is the place where King Maharana Pratap was born. Apart from being the birthplace of the gallant warrior, this fort has great significance in the Mewar dynasty. The fort holds stories of great warriors like King Udai, and this fort provided them with refuge during wars. It has the longest walls for any fort in India and 2nd longest after China’s Great Wall. It was built in such a way that it was invaded only once, that too by the combined forces of the Mughals and Ambers.

This epic fort was built in the 15th century AD by Rana Kumbha. But the history of its inception goes back to the 14th century AD. It is believed that before Rana Kumbha built the present fort, there was a smaller fort in the same place, which was built by the king of the Muryan Empire, Raja Samprati or famously known as Matsyaendra Durg. Later, by the end of the 14th century, it was captured by Rana Lanka (King of Sisodia lineage).

The fortress of Mewar

kumbhalgarh kila


The Mewar fortress on the westerly range of Aravalli Hills is among the largest fort complexes in the world. Rana Kumbha is credited with 32 of the 84 forts in his domain, Kumbhalgarh being the biggest and most complex. It was designed by the chief architect, Mandan, and the structure is so strategically and solidly designed that it is still standing strong even after so many years. It is said to be invaded only once, that too by the combined forces of Mughals and Ambers.

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What's Inside?



The walls of this fort extend 36 km, making it the longest wall in India. But what's inside the walls is even more fascinating. The fort has seven entrance gates and houses 70 Hindu and Jain temples. The story of one such gate is related to Hanuman. The Hanuman Pol is a double-storeyed gate named after a stone image of Hanuman on the front gate, which was brought by Maharana Kumbha himself.

Nimbu Gate

Nimbu Pol, or Lemon Gate, was a place where Panna Dai (the nursemaid to Udai Singh II) kept the baby Uday Singh after the death of his father, Prithviraj. She replaced her son with the prince (baby Uday) of the palace and took her away to a safe place as his uncle wanted to kill him.

A refuge for some rulers

Kumbhalgarh kila


The fort has been the refuge for various kings of Mewar because of its security and facilities. It provided shelter to King Udai of Mewar in his early childhood when Banbir (also known as Banbeer, who was the ruler of Mewar Kingdom between 1536 and 1540) killed Vikramaditya (Maharana of the Mewar Kingdom from 1531 to 1536) and took over the throne. Apart from being the refuge to these kings, one of the main reasons why this fort has immense significance is because of Maharana Pratap(son of Udai Singh II), as it was the birthplace of the legendary king, too, and people still admire the work that he has done for Mewar.

This fort holds a lot to discover about the Sisodiya Dynasty and the Mewar region and is a must-visit for many reasons.

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