Constitution Day is also known as National Law Day. Read the whole article to know more such facts about the Constitution!
The Constitution Day is celebrated on November 26 every year. It is an immensely significant day to remind the citizens of the country, the great values lying in the Constitution. The Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on this date in the year 1949. However, it was enforced on January 26, 1951, which is also celebrated as Republic day. Here is the timeline and some more facts about the Constitution and Constitution Day.
1. First meeting of Constituent Assembly in 1946
In the chairmanship of Dr. Sachchidananda Sinha, the Constituent Assembly met for the first time on December 9, 1946. However, the drafting committee appointed Dr. B R Ambedkar as the chairman on August 27, 1947.
2. Constitution was handwritten
Prem Behari Narain Raizada wrote the original Constitution of India with italic and beautiful calligraphy. After that, it was photolithographed by the Survey of India.
3. Contribution of artists from Shantiniketan
Nandlal Bose and Rammanohar Sinha, along with other artists from Shantiniketan, designed the Constitution. It is a place where the art of modern Indian fresco and murals were born.
4. Constitution was in Hindi and English
The Constitution of India was written in both Hindi and English. Hence, the members of the Constituent Assembly had signed both the copies, Hindi and English.
5. Constitution completed in three years
The time taken to complete the final draft was 2 years, 11 months, and 18 days after the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly.
6. Official adoption of the Constitution
The final draft of the Constitution was ready on November 26, 1949. And, it was adopted by the assembly in the 11th and last session that was held between November 14 and 26.
7. Original copy of Constitution is kept in Parliament library
The hand-written copies of the Indian Constitution are stored in the library of Parliament. Special helium-filled cases are used to preserve it and prevent it from any exposure to natural procedures.
8. Declaration of Constitution Day
Prime Minister on October 12, 2015, declared November 26 as the Constitution day. An all-India quiz competition was also held at Ambedkar University, Lucknow, to mark the first year of celebration.