Pune is known for its pleasant weather, lazy lifestyle, and also for being the epicenter of the Maratha Empire. So it's no surprise that there are several historical monuments scattered across the city. Here are some of the famous historical places in Pune that everyone who lives or visits the city should go to at least once.
1. Shaniwar Wada
Constructed in 1732, this fort was a prized possession of the Maratha Empire till 1818. Partly made of stones and partly made of bricks, this structure is a great exemplar of Maratha imperial architecture. If folklores are to be believed, the fifth ruling Peshwa Narayanrao was murdered here by guards on orders of his uncle Raghunathrao and aunt Anandibai. And according to locals, his presence can still be felt at midnight, especially in full moon nights.
2. Nana Wada
Another gem from the Peshwa dynasty, this historical venue was built by Nana Phadnavis, the chief administrative officer of the Peshwas. He served the Maratha dynasty for a long time under the power of four rulers. One of the oldest structures in the city, you can surely see the colonial influence in its architecture. Interestingly, the place was picked up by the Deccan Education Society, who used a part of it to operate New English School in 1907.
3. Aga Khan Palace
Built in 1892, this palace has a connection with India's freedom struggle, as this place served as a prison for Mahatma Gandhi and his associates. The Palace was built by Aga Khan III, the 48th Imam of the Nizari Ismaili religion, and was donated to India by Aga Khan IV in 1969. The architecture of the palace has Italian influences and is one of the popular spots for photoshoots.
4. Lohagad Fort
Also known as the Iron Fort, this place is situated close to Lonavala, and makes for a perfect stop during the monsoons. Although several dynasties held the reign of this fort from time to time, it was captured by Shivaji Maharaj in 1648 and stayed with the Marathas for a long time. It was later surrendered to the Mughals in 1665AD under the Treaty of Purandar.
5. Sinhagad Fort
Popularly known for the Battle of Sinhagad between Tanaji Malusare and Udaybhan Singh Rathore, this is one of the most important historical places in Pune. Just 35km from the city, the fort is perched on an isolated cliff of the Bhuleswar range in the Sahyadri Mountains.
6. Shinde Chhatri
Another fascinating historical structure in Pune, this was also built by the Marathas. But unlike other Maratha structures, this one is heavily influenced by the Rajasthani style of architecture. Beautiful carvings can be seen on the walls of this palace. The name Chhatri also has important symbolism. It is used as a sign of respect for the warriors, and people are expected to close their umbrellas inside the premises. Yes, even if it is raining.